2. Newborn babies have even more, ringing in at 78 percent water.
3. A gallon of water weighs 8.34 pounds; a cubic foot of water weighs 62.4 pounds.
4. A liter of water weighs 1 kilo; a cubic meter of water weighs 1 tonne.
5. An inch of water covering one acre (27,154 gallons) weighs 113 tons.
6. Water covers 70.9 percent of the planet’s surface.
7. Ninety-seven percent of the water on Earth is salt water; the water found in the Earth’s lakes, rivers, streams, ponds, swamps, etcetera accounts for only 0.3 percent of the world’s fresh water. The rest is trapped in glaciers or is in the ground.
8. There is more water in the atmosphere than in all of our rivers combined.
9. If all of the water vapor in our planet’s atmosphere fell as water at once and spread out evenly, it would only cover the globe with about an inch of water.
10. More than one-quarter of all bottled water comes from a municipal water supply – the same place that tap water comes from.
12. In a year, the average Kenyan residence uses over 100,000 gallons.
13. Since the average faucet releases 2 gallons of water per minute, you can save up to four gallons of water every morning by turning off the tap while you brush your teeth.
14. A running toilet can waste up to 200 gallons of water each day.
15. At one drip per second, a faucet can leak 3,000 gallons in a year.
16. A bath uses up to 70 gallons of water; a five-minute shower uses 10 to 25 gallons.
17. The first water pipes in the world were made from hollowed logs.
18. Leaks in Nairobi City water supply system account for 36 million gallons of wasted water per day.
19. There are around one million miles of water pipeline and aqueducts in the U.S. and Canada, enough to circle the globe 40 times.
20. 748 million people in the world do not have access to an improved source of drinking water
21. And 2.5 billion people do not have use of an improved sanitation facility.
22. Some 1.8 billion people worldwide drink water that is contaminated with feces.
23. The World Health Organization recommends 2 gallons per person daily to meet the requirements of most people under most conditions; and around 5 gallons per person daily to cover basic hygiene and food hygiene needs.
24. On average, Kenyan resident uses about 10 gallons of water per day.
25. On average, a European resident uses about 50 gallons of water per day.
26. On average, a resident of sub-Saharan Africa uses 2 to 5 gallons of water per day.
27. It takes .26 gallons of water to irrigate one calorie of food.
29. It takes 2.6 gallons of water to make a sheet of paper.
30. It takes 6.3 gallons of water to make 17 ounces of plastic.
31. It takes 924 gallons of water to produce 2.2 pounds of rice.
32. It takes 2,641 gallons of water to make a pair of jeans.
33. It takes 3,962 gallons of water to produce 2.2 pounds of beef.
34. It takes 39,090 gallons of water to manufacture a new car.
35. In developing nations women and girls are primarily responsible for collecting water; on average, 25 percent of their day is spent on this task.
36. Collectively, South African women and children walk a daily distance equivalent to 16 trips to the moon and back to fetch water.
Mzima Springs are a series of four natural springs in Tsavo National Park, Kenya. They are located in the west of the Park, around 48 km from Mtito Andei. The source of the springs is a natural reservoir under the Chyulu Hills to the north. The Chyulu range is composed of volcanic lava rock and ash, which is too porous to allow rivers to flow. Instead, rain water percolates through the rock, and may spend 25 years underground before emerging 50 kilometres away at Mzima. The natural filtration process gives rise to Mzima’s famously clear stream, which flows through a series of pools and rapids. Two kilometres downstream from the springs, the stream is blocked by a solidified lava flow and disappears below the surface again. Mzima is one of Tsavo’s most popular wildlife attractions owing to its resident populations of hippos and Nile crocodiles. Mzima’s isolation makes both species are dependent on its waters: other sources are too distant for them to reach by overland travel. The hippos also sustain an entire food chain. They browse the surrounding savannah by night and return to Mzima’s pools by day, where their dung fertilises the water. Fruiting trees such as date and raffia palms, waterberrys and figs grow beside the water, using their submerged roots to absorb nutrients. Their fruits are a source of food for vervet monkeys and a variety of birds. Below the water’s surface, the invertebrates which feed on the hippo dung are preyed on by fish and cormorants. The springs were made famous by wildlife film-makers Alan and Joan Root‘s 1969 nature documentary Mzima: Portrait of a Spring, which featured underwater footage of the hippos and crocodiles. They were also the subject of the Survival Special Mzima: Haunt of the Riverhorse in 2003, which featured the first footage of a hippo infanticide. In 2009, a prolonged drought proved catastrophic for Mzima’s wildlife. Starving game animals were driven to permanent water sources in their thousands, bringing them into competition with the resident hippos. The grassland surrounding the spring turned to desert and hippos began starving to death. In September 2009, only five remained, down from 70 in 2003, and journalists reported seeing carcasses floating in the pools.
Source of Coast Water
Mzima Springs, Marere, and Tiwi in Kwale County are the other sources of water (after Baaricho which supply 90 million litres per day). They supply 20 million litres a day to Voi, Mariakani, and the South Coast.
Recycled water can satisfy most water demands, as long as it is adequately treated to ensure water quality appropriate for the use. The Treatment and Uses chart shows types of treatment processes and suggested uses at each level of treatment. In uses where there is a greater chance of human exposure to the water, more treatment is required. As for any water source that is not properly treated, health problems could arise from drinking or being exposed to recycled water if it contains disease-causing organisms or other contaminants.
Recycled water can satisfy most water demands, as long as it is adequately treated to ensure water quality appropriate for the use.
Uses for Recycled Water
Although most water recycling projects have been developed to meet no potable water demands, a number of projects use recycled water indirectly for potable purposes. These projects include recharging ground water aquifers and augmenting surface water reservoirs with recycled water. In ground water recharge projects, recycled water can be spread or injected into ground water aquifers to augment ground water supplies, and to prevent salt water intrusion in coastal areas.
While numerous successful ground water recharge projects have been operated for many years, planned augmentation of surface water reservoirs has been less common. However, there are some existing projects and others in the planning stages.
The use of gray water at decentralized sites (see definition) for landscape irrigation and toilet flushing reduces the amount of potable water distributed to these sites, the amount of fertilizer needed, and the amount of wastewater generated, transported, and treated at wastewater treatment facilities. In other words, water reuse saves water, energy, and money. Decentralized water reuse systems are being used more in the arid west where long term drought conditions exist. Successful gray water systems have been operating for many years,. They can meet up to 50% of a property’s water needs by supplying water for landscaping. Recycling gray water saves fresh potable water for other uses, reduces the volume of wastewater going to septic systems and wastewater treatment plants, and increases infrastructure capacity for new users.
Water is precious and vital to all life on our planet but there is only a limited amount of it. In Taita Taveta we are fortunate to have a plentiful supply of water and it can be difficult to understand why it is important to be careful with the water we use and to try to avoid waste. We use a great deal more water than we did in the past and our consumption is rising. Most of us don’t think about water. We all have bad habits when using water. These habits mean that we often use more water than we need to and create waste, without thinking of the impact. This is damaging to the environment and has a direct effect on our utility bills.
Water efficiency is about reducing waste and thinking about the water we all use, changing bad habits into good habits. Saving water not only helps preserve the precious and limited resource for the future, but in turn provides a variety of benefits. Everyone can save money by saving water, not just those that pay for their water by meter. Producing and treating water requires a lot of energy and results in carbon emissions, as does heating the water for your shower or bath. Therefore, saving water will reduce your carbon footprint helping the environment.
Everyone can do their bit to help protect our environment by not wasting water. Using water wisely within a community will help to achieve an environmentally sensitive place for people to live. By following the simple steps outlined in this factsheet, you will help to protect your local environment and minimize water pollution in your local water courses – key components of any sustainable community.
COUNTY GOVERNMENT OF TAITA TAVETA
OFFICE OF THE CECM WATER & IRRIGATION
CALLING ON ENGINEERS FROM TAITA TAVETA COUNTY TO BUILD THEIR COUNTY.
I wish to bring the attention of all engineering professionals from Taita Taveta County to an advert in the Standard Newspaper of Wednesday 22nd October 2014 by Tavevo Water and Sewerage Company (a company wholly owned by the County Government) seeking to recruit a Technical Manager.
In terms of structure we have arranged that The County Government will construct water service provision infrastructure and hand over to Tavevo Water and Sewerage company for operation and maintenance. Some projects will be managed by community based organizations (those that will operate efficiently).This is guided by existing laws and regulations.
The County Government has had challenges in getting Engineers from the County to apply for Technical jobs. We are aware that the remuneration package for public service is not particularly enticing to professional engineers. While we are striving to improve this, there are limitations we have to live with.
However I urge all qualified professionals who love our county to consider applying for the Job (and a few more which will soon be advertised by the County Government and Tavevo).
I hasten to add my fellow county kin. Time comes when men and women must stand up and build their own county. Such a time is now. The destiny of our county is now in our very own hands. If each one of us can give 1-3 years of our lifetime to serve our county, we will have made our contribution to changing the course of the history of our county. And when the history of our county is finally written, let it be said that the great County of Taita Taveta was built by its own citizens, men and women, who made great sacrifices. Yes we can !
County Executive Member – Water and Irrigation.
COUNTY GOVERNMENT OF TAITA TAVETA
To enhance communication we have call lines in all our zones and are available 7 days a week from 8am to 5pm
Voi : +254 710 291 000 | +254 788 758 520
Mackinnon : +254 790562328 | +254 788 758 522
Wundanyi : | +254 788 758 517
we are committed to serve you efficiently.
TAVEVO WATER would like to advise customers to practice basic tips to help conserve the available water during the current water shortage
Do not leave taps dripping. Fix leaks immediately and replace leaking washers. A slow dripping tap can waste up to 30 litres of water a day. A new washer costs less that 10 shillings.